The History Of Gambling In France

We have decided to offer you a small dossier on the world of online casinos by retracing the little history of casinos and gambling in Europe and more particularly on the side of our French neighbors. As you may know, this country benefits from a sector much more controlled than at home, in Belgium, and tortured by a regulation which will always remain the fruit of a long and complicated relationship between the power and the games of money and chance. In order to make you discover this universe and its evolution within this country, we have decided to pass in this article the most significant stages in the history of the game in France. We will therefore tell you about the emergence of the national lottery after a long period of prohibition.

 

Games Banned By The Kings Of France

One can indeed say that certain kings of France of the Middle Ages did not really like gambling. We find a first restriction in 1254 with Saint-Louis which prohibits them. Charles IV, Charles V, Charles IX and Henri III will then take over by tightening even more the noose, increasing the prohibitions against games and more particularly games of dice and cards. And it is François 1er who will then upset all this anti-gambling dictatorship by being an exception. It will indeed authorize the organization of gambling for the first time in France in 1539, an initiative which will however be doomed to failure, the Parliament of Paris refusing the exploitation of the brand new French lottery, then forging a 17th century particularly prosperous for the bans in France. There is then an abundance of legislative texts and the monarchy then seeks by all means to do away with gambling. But on the other hand, mentalities are changing and the game is gradually being rehabilitated in the upper echelons of the Court. The fate of the game takes a new turn here and things are starting to turn in the right direction.

The Triumph Of Lotteries In Europe

Whether at home or on the side of France, the lottery revolution was then underway in Europe and began particularly on the side of the Netherlands and in northern Italy before spreading to Austria, Prussia then to Spain to finally arrive in France. Lotteries then multiplied in the 17th century, in a completely illegal way. It will not take long for the powerful who govern the country to quickly understand the potential of lotteries, the profits of which can then be used for the construction of large-scale works, for example. And it was in 1660 that we found the first royal lottery. We will then find, in 1700, the public lottery finally established, starting an 18th century which will then see authorized and unauthorized lotteries proliferating in France, royalty using its right of veto by only giving its consent to lotteries intended to finance public facilities or charitable projects. Ever more greedy, the State will then impose its monopoly on the lottery activity in 1776 with the establishment of the Royal Lottery of France. The process is simple and juicy. Twice a month, five numbers were drawn out of 90 numbers on a wheel and the profits from this lottery were then used to fund hospitals.